Developmental Pathways to Poverty Reduction
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That it is the poorest and most marginalized who suffer first and worst from the effects of climate change has become a truism. Climate change may have the greatest impact on the poorest because these groups tend to be more dependent on ecosystem services than populations that are relatively better off in all senses of the term IPCC ; World Bank A classic vicious circle, in other words. People living in poverty tend to have more environmentally sustainable lifestyles than well-off people.
Governments need to question their economic models to reduce poverty and increase environmental sustainability in an integrated way and make these efforts compatible. Furthermore, without a focus on equity in climate change responses, policies designed to encourage emission reduction could undermine poverty reduction efforts; for instance, providing fewer incentives for agricultural fertilizer usage could decrease the income of many small-scale farmers OECD However, done right, efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change can support rather than hamper development objectives.
Although it may appear difficult to pin down, a clear definition of the term can be derived from a close reading of the SDG text.
Towards a Green Economy: Pathways to Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication
It entails three related concepts Stuart and Samman :. So to what extent, to date, is this approach being realized across the implementation of the Paris Agreement and the SDGs? Even though the NDCs often pursue the overriding objective of poverty reduction, the World Resources Institute found that SDG 1 end poverty and SDG 10 reduce inequality were hardly addressed by the climate actions embedded within them.
Among the few climate actions supporting SDG target 1. Five countries—Jordan, Mali, Mexico, Peru, and Vietnam, scored relatively highly—but even here, of the 58 NDCs surveyed, almost half do not use the relevant key words even once. It should be remembered that NDCs do not necessarily reflect national policy objectives in a comprehensive way: they were produced in a short time, often with limited consultation across ministries, and with various level of analysis.
Nor was adaptation a requirement for NDCs. That said, given that NAPAs and NAPs are dedicated specifically to climate change adaptation, which discuss the communities most vulnerable to climate change in relative depth, we could expect to see greater emphasis on LNOB principles. LNOB is not necessarily better addressed through the Agenda implementation. As mentioned earlier, there has been little reference to the environmental aspects of LNOB.
It would seem that neither the Paris Agreement nor the SDGs are yet being translated into specific policy measures in a sufficiently integrated manner. As such, there is an even clearer need to better address LNOB in long-term low-emissions development strategies. As countries do start to think about these long-term strategies, and deepen and broaden plans for SDG implementation, what elements, processes, and instruments might help them better address LNOB?
Here are some germane areas to explore:. Some of the above require additional research and methodological development, but many of these recommendations are within ready reach of governments now. Bird, N. Monkhouse, and L. London: Climate and Development Knowledge Network.
Chambers, R. Cornwall, J. Gaventa, S. Musoki, and J. Cruz, M. Foster, B. Quillin, and P.
Developmental Pathways to Poverty Reduction | privlionohaca.gq
Policy Research Note no. Washington, DC: World Bank. Diwakar, V.
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